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Maths Questions on Surface Area and Volume for Class 9


A student need to practice maths problems. Its helps in developing problem solving skills. The problems shall not be (i) too simple, (ii) too difficult or (iii) too many. Simple problems are boring, difficult problems discourages (at times), and too many problems don't leave time for fun.

I selected following problems on volume and surface area for my son studying in class 9.

  1. The floor of a rectangular hall has a perimeter 250 m. If the cost of painting the four walls at the rate of Rs 10 per m2 is Rs 15000, find the height of the hall.
  2. A cubical box has each edge 10 cm and another cuboidal box is 12.5 cm long, 10 cm wide and 8 cm high. (i) Which box has the greater lateral surface area and by how much? (ii) Which box has the smaller total surface area and by how much?
  3. A small indoor greenhouse (herbarium) is made entirely of glass panes (including base) held together with tape. It is 30 cm long, 25 cm wide and 25 cm high. (i) What is the area of the glass? (ii) How much of tape is needed for all the 12 edges?
  4. A metal pipe is 77 cm long. The inner diameter of a cross section is 4 cm, the outer diameter being 4.4 cm. Find its (i) inner curved surface area, (ii) outer curved surface area, (iii) total surface area.
  5. The diameter of a roller is 84 cm and its length is 120 cm. It takes 500 complete revolutions to move once over to level a playground. Find the area of the playground in m2.
  6. In a hot water heating system, there is a cylindrical pipe of length 28 m and diameter 5 cm. Find the total radiating surface in the system.
  7. Find (i) the lateral or curved surface area of a closed cylindrical petrol storage tank that is 4.2 m in diameter and 4.5 m high. (ii) how much steel was actually used, if 1/12 of the steel actually used was wasted in making the tank.
  8. The students of a Vidyalaya were asked to participate in a competition for making and decorating penholders in the shape of a cylinder with a base, using cardboard. Each penholder was to be of radius 3 cm and height 10.5 cm. The Vidyalaya was to supply the competitors with cardboard. If there were 35 competitors, how much cardboard was required to be bought for the competition?
  9. The height of a cone is 16 cm and its base radius is 12 cm. Find the curved surface area and the total surface area of the cone (Use pi = 3.14).
  10. A corn cob, shaped somewhat like a cone, has the radius of its broadest end as 2.1 cm and length (height) as 20 cm. If each 1 cm2 of the surface of the cob carries an average of four grains, find how many grains you would find on the entire cob.
  11. A conical tent is 10 m high and the radius of its base is 24 m. Find (i) slant height of the tent, (ii) cost of the canvas required to make the tent, if the cost of 1 m2 canvas is Rs 70.
  12. What length of tarpaulin 3 m wide will be required to make conical tent of height 8 m and base radius 6 m? Assume that the extra length of material that will be required for stitching margins and wastage in cutting is approximately 20 cm (Use pi = 3.14).
  13. A joker's cap is in the form of a right circular cone of base radius 7 cm and height 24 cm. Find the area of the sheet required to make 10 such caps.
  14. A hemispherical dome of a building needs to be painted. If the circumference of the base of the dome is 17.6 m, find the cost of painting it, given the cost of painting is Rs 5 per 100 cm2.
  15. The radius of a spherical balloon increases from 7 cm to 14 cm as air is being pumped into it. Find the ratio of surface areas of the balloon in the two cases.
  16. The diameter of the moon is approximately one fourth of the diameter of the earth. Find the ratio of their surface areas.
  17. A hemispherical bowl is made of steel, 0.25 cm thick. The inner radius of the bowl is 5 cm. Find the outer curved surface area of the bowl.
  18. A right circular cylinder just encloses a sphere of radius r. Find (i) surface area of the sphere, (ii) curved surface area of the cylinder, (iii) ratio of the areas obtained in (i) and (ii).
  19. A village, having a population of 4000, requires 150 litres of water per head per day. It has a tank measuring 20 m $\times$ 15 m $\times$ 6 m. For how many days will the water of this tank last?
  20. A river 3 m deep and 40 m wide is flowing at the rate of 2 km per hour. How much water will fall into the sea in a minute?
  21. A godown measures 40 m $\times$ 25 m $\times$ 15 m. Find the maximum number of wooden crates each measuring 1.5 m $\times$ 1.25 m $\times$ 0.5 m that can be stored in the godown.
  22. The pillars of a temple are cylindrically shaped. If each pillar has a circular base of radius 20 cm and height 10 m, how much concrete mixture would be required to build 14 such pillars?
  23. The circumference of the base of a cylindrical vessel is 132 cm and its height is 25 cm. How many litres of water can it hold?
  24. The inner diameter of a cylindrical wooden pipe is 24 cm and its outer diameter is 28 cm. The length of the pipe is 35 cm. Find the mass of the pipe, if density of the wood is 0.6 g/cc.
  25. It costs Rs 2200 to paint the inner curved surface of a cylindrical vessel 10 m deep. If the cost of painting is at the rate of Rs 20 per m2, find capacity (volume) of the vessel.
  26. A lead pencil consists of a cylinder of wood with a solid cylinder of graphite filled in the interior. The diameter of the pencil is 7 mm and the diameter of the graphite is 1 mm. If the length of the pencil is 14 cm, find the volume of the wood and that of the graphite.
  27. Monica has a piece of canvas whose area is 551 m2. She uses it to have a conical tent made, with a base radius of 7 m. Assuming that all the stitching margins and the wastage incurred while cutting, amounts to approximately 1 m2, find the volume of the tent that can be made with it.
  28. If the volume of a right circular cone of height 9 cm is $48\pi$ cm3, find the diameter of its base.
  29. A right triangle ABC with sides 5 cm, 12 cm and 13 cm is revolved about the side 12 cm. Find the volume of the solid so obtained. If the triangle ABC is revolved about the side 5 cm, then find the volume of the solid so obtained.
  30. The volume of a right circular cone is 9856 cm3. If the diameter of the base is 28 cm, find curved surface area of the cone.
  31. A shot-putt is a metallic sphere of radius 4.9 cm. If the density of the metal is 7.8 g per cm3, find the mass of the shot-putt.
  32. Find the amount of water displaced by a solid spherical ball of diameter 28 cm.
  33. The diameter of the moon is approximately one-fourth of the diameter of the earth. What fraction of the volume of the earth is the volume of the moon?
  34. A hemispherical tank is made up of an iron sheet 1 cm thick. If the inner radius is 1 m, then find the volume of the iron used to make the tank.
  35. Find the volume of a sphere whose surface area is 154 cm2.
  36. Twenty seven solid iron spheres, each of radius $r$ and surface area $S$ are melted to form a sphere with surface area $S^\prime$. Find the ratio of $S$ and $S^\prime$.
  37. The diameter of a sphere is decreased by 25%. By what per cent does its curved surface area decrease?


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