Concepts of Physics

IIT JEE Physics (1978-2016: 39 Years) Topic-wise Complete Solutions

Series and Parallel Arrangements of Cells

Problems from IIT JEE

Problem (IIT JEE 2011): Series and Parallel Combinations of Cells Two batteries of different emfs and different internal resistances are connected as shown. The voltage across AB (in volts) is,

Solution: Series and Parallel Combinations of Cells Let $I$ be the current in the loop (see figure). The Kirchhoff's loop law, $6-3-2I-1I=0$, gives $I={1}\;\mathrm{A}$. Now, going from B to A along upper branch, we get, $V_B-1+6=V_A$, which gives $V_A-V_B={5}\;\mathrm{V}$.